It exhibits imaginative sculptural use of reinforced concrete. , In 1940, he received two first prizes together with Charles Eames in the furniture design competition of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Eero Saarinen, born in 1910 in Kirkkonummi, Finland, as the son of the architect Eliel Saarinen, studied sculpture in 1929 and 1930 at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris before studying architecture at Yale University in New Haven until 1934. His modernistic creation reflected the connection of ground to sky, and Saarinen was also attempting to express ―the movement and excitement of modern travel by air.‖• While some critics felt that the solutions were forced and arbitrary, these buildings indicated the search Saarinen had begun for significant and identifying character in public buildings. Like many contemporary architects, Saarinen was challenged by furniture design, especially the chair, which presents aesthetical and structural problems that are particularly difficult to solve. His father’s architecture in Finland had focused on a free adaptation of medieval Scandinavian forms, and in the United States he designed various private school buildings from 1925 to 1941, including Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, following this loose, romantic style. Eero Saarinen (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈeːro ˈsɑːrinen]) (August 20, 1910 – September 1, 1961) was a Finnish American architect and industrial designer noted for his neo-futuristic style.Saarinen is known for designing the Washington Dulles International Airport outside Washington, D.C., the TWA Flight Center in New York City, and the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri. The story of Saarinen winning the 1948 competition for this monument, instead of his father is well-known, but less so is the controversy Eero's winning design generated when it was first published. During his long association with Knoll he designed many important pieces of furniture, including the Grasshopper lounge chair and ottoman (1946), the Womb chair and ottoman (1948), the Womb settee (1950), side and arm chairs (1948–1950), and his most famous Tulip or Pedestal group (1956), which featured side and arm chairs, dining, coffee and side tables, as well as a stool. Education & Culture. Saarinen, who was the son of famed architect Eliel Saarinen, moved to America with his family in 1923.  He then went on to study at the Yale School of Architecture, completing his studies in 1934. With the success of this project, Saarinen was then invited by other major American corporations such as John Deere, IBM, and CBS to design their new headquarters or other major corporate buildings. The first major work by Saarinen, in collaboration with his father, was the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan, which follows the rationalist design Miesian style, incorporating steel and glass but with the addition of accent of panels in two shades of blue. Saarinen served on the jury for the Sydney Opera House commission in 1957 and was crucial in the selection of the now internationally known design by Jørn Utzon. Apr 7, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Andrew Jennings. Saarinen began studies in sculpture at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris, France, in September 1929. Saarinen died of a brain tumour in 1961 at the age of 51, leaving numerous projects to be completed by his associates. When the committee sent out the letter stating Saarinen had won the competition, it was mistakenly addressed to his father. , Saarinen married sculptor Lilian Swann in 1939, with whom he had two children, Eric and Susan. Backed by such excellent credentials and education, when was Eero Saarinen's talent for groundbreaking conceptual design first truly evidenced? [page needed], Eero Saarinen was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1952. Learn more about quality higher-education opportunities in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the world. Save this picture! The precision and modular rhythm of the low buildings recall the designs of the German-born American architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe as well as the early automobile factories of the U.S. architect Albert Kahn. All of these designs were highly successful except for the Grasshopper lounge chair, which, although in production through 1965, was not a big success. By the time he was in his teens, Eero was helping his father design furniture and fixtures for the Cranbrook campus. THE loss of a creative artist at the height of his productive powers is always a tragedy. The firm was located in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, until 1961 when the practice was moved to Hamden, Connecticut. The Finnish designer Eero Aarnio (b.1932) is one of the great innovators of modern furniture design. His wish that a building make an expressive statement established new horizons for modern architecture. Eero Saarinen was the son of famed Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen, who had moved to the United States in 1923. Finding aid for the Eero Saarinen collection, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eero_Saarinen&oldid=1002329307, Modernist architects from the United States, Fellows of the American Institute of Architects, Alumni of the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, People from Uusimaa Province (Grand Duchy of Finland), Naturalized citizens of the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2016, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Eero Saarinen's church, bank, and Miller House in, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 22:39. • Eero saarinen’s design of Dulles Airport was centred on how architecture could facilitate the travel experience of the passenger in the new age of jet travel. He received the First Honor award of the American Institute of Architects twice, in 1955 and 1956, and their gold medal in 1962. • Eero Saarinen was the youngest child of the famous architect Eliel Saarinen, who explained that his son was quot;born practically on the drafting board.quot; • His mother loja was a … Also in 1940 he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. , The papers of Aline and Eero Saarinen, from 1906 to 1977, were donated in 1973 to the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution (by Charles Alan, Aline Saarinen's brother and executor of her estate). Another thin-shell structure is Yale's Ingalls Rink, which has suspension cables connected to a single concrete backbone and is nicknamed "the whale". The small chapel is a stark red-brick cylinder lighted only from above. , Saarinen became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1940. your own Pins on Pinterest Saarinen – known to be calm, and rather informal in his manner - went on the be married twice, first to a sculpturer and then to an art critic. , Saarinen is now considered one of the masters of American 20th-century architecture. Architect and designer, Eero Saarinen, was born in Finland and immigrated to the US with his family in 1923 when he was thirteen years old. Eero Saarinen also took up a teaching appointment at the Cranbrook Academy in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, of which Eliel Saarinen had been head since the Academy was founded in 1932.  These have all been either demolished or extensively remodeled. Eero Saarinen, son of architect Eliel Saarinen, pioneered the concept of the corporate campus when he designed the 25-building General Motors Technical Center on the outskirts of Detroit. Saarinen was recruited by Donal McLaughlin, an architectural school friend from his Yale days, to join the military service in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). Both were completed in 1955. Despite the overall rational design philosophy, the interiors usually contained dramatic sweeping staircases as well as furniture designed by Saarinen, such as the Pedestal series. Saarinen then went on to complete his studies from the prestigious Yale School of Architecture in 1934. At Yale, young Saarinen won a traveling fellowship that made possible a leisurely European visit in 1934–35. In 1953 Saarinen began to design the Kresge Auditorium and chapel of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, choosing the basic forms of an eighth of a sphere for the auditorium and a cylinder for the chapel. Interior of the TWA terminal, John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City, designed by Eero Saarinen, 1956–62. He joined his father’s practice in Bloomfield Hills in 1938, and one year later their collaborative design—tranquil yet monumental—for the mall in Washington, D.C., won first prize in the Smithsonian Institution Gallery of Art competition. also latest information on Eero Saarinen cars, Eero Saarinen income, remuneration, lifestyle.Based on Online sources ( Wikipedia,google Search,Yahoo search) Eero Saarinen estimated net worth is $ USD 8 Mil and Primary income from architect,designer. When his father died in 1950, Eero Saarinen took over his practice, running it as Saarinen & Associates in Birmingham until 196. His father's firm was Saarinen, Swansen and Associates, headed by Eliel Saarinen and Robert Swansen from the late 1930s until Eliel's death in 1950. Eero Saarinen's leaded-glass designs are a prominent feature of these buildings throughout the campus. Unfortunately, the design was never executed. Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, designed by Eero Saarinen, 1965. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This is partly because the Roche and Dinkeloo office has donated its Saarinen archives to Yale University, but also because Saarinen's oeuvre can be said to fit in with present-day concerns about pluralism of styles. In 1945 Eero joined a partnership with Eliel Saarinen and J. Robert F. Swanson that had been organized in 1939. His best-known works are the Gateway Arch and the TWA terminal at JFK Airport. He stayed an additional year in Helsinki working with the architect Jarl Eklund. The Saarinen family of four, including a sister, Eva-Lisa, moved to the United States in 1923, where they settled first in Evanston, Illinois, and then in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. A blend of the structural, emotional, and aesthetic, the hockey rink was a project that Saarinen himself was proud of. One of Saarinen's earliest works to receive international acclaim is the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois (1940). , Saarinen began studies in sculpture at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris, France, in September 1929. Corrections? He had a close relationship with fellow students Charles and Ray Eames, and became good friends with Florence Knoll (née Schust). Saarinen worked with his father, mother, and sister designing elements of the Cranbrook campus in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, including the Cranbrook School, Kingswood School, the Cranbrook Art Academy, and the Cranbrook Science Institute. Eero Saarinen’s professional work in the United States began in 1936 with research on housing and city planning with the Flint Institute of Research and Planning in Flint, Michigan. He grew up in Bloomfield Hills where his father was a teacher at the Cranbrook Academy of Art.Beginning in September 1929, Eero studied sculpture at the Eero Saarinen, Finnish-born American architect who was a leader in exploration and experiment in American architectural design during the 1950s. Saarinen’s effort was primarily concerned with institutional buildings for education and industry. In 1940 Eero and his father designed Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois, which influenced postwar school design, being a one-story structure generously extended in plan and suitably scaled for primary-grade children. Updates? He built only one skyscraper, the CBS Headquarters in New York City (1960–64), and a couple of houses: one for his widowed mother (1950) in Bloomfield Hills and the Miller House in Columbus, Indiana, with its memorable sunken living room (conversation pit). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. When the congregation sought to complement the sanctuary with an education building, they looked to Eliel’s son, Eero Saarinen. He was the son of noted Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. This partnership was dissolved in 1947, and a new partnership of Saarinen, Saarinen and Associates was then formed that lasted until the elder Saarinen’s death. Further attention came also while Saarinen was still working for his father when he took first prize in the 1948 competition for the design of the Gateway Arch National Park (then known as the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial) in St. Louis. Eero Saarinen worked with his father for many years (1938 to 1950) and owes a lot of his initial knowledge about architecture to his upbringing, but he didn't stay in his father's shadow for long. In questioning the presuppositions of early modern architecture, he introduced sculptural forms that were rich in architectural character and visual drama unknown in earlier years. , In 2016 Eero Saarinen: The Architect Who Saw the Future, a film about Saarinen (co-produced by his son Eric), premiered on the PBS American Masters series.  He grew up in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, where his father taught and was dean of the Cranbrook Academy of Art, and he took courses in sculpture and furniture design there. [Aline Saarinen Collection, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.] The Art of Corporate Image-Making. Eero Saarinen Net worth Check how rich is Eero Saarinen in 2020? He was exploratory in his thinking and committed to research on every level.  In the 1950s he began to receive more commissions from American universities for campus designs and individual buildings. That same year Saarinen married Aline Bernstein Louchheim, an art critic at The New York Times, with whom he had a son, Eames, named after Saarinen's collaborator Charles Eames. Designed by Eliel Saarinen’s son Eero, the General Motors Technical Center (1948–56) at Warren, Michigan, was compared with Versailles in its extent, grandeur, and rigorous conformity to an austere, geometric aesthetic of Miesian forms. He was the principal partner from 1950 until his death. The auditorium is arranged entirely within this dramatically simple form. His most famous work is the TWA Flight Center, which represents the culmination of his previous designs and his genius for expressing the ultimate purpose of each building, what he called the "style for the job". By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In 1956 two such works were initiated that can be considered representative: Ingalls Hockey Rink at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut (1958), and the Trans World Airlines (TWA) terminal at John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City (1956–62). 1940 ) and visual splendour of the structural, emotional, eero saarinen education he commented only occasionally his. Chair using a glass fibre shell upholstered in foam rubber and fabric uniformity. Expressive statement established New horizons for modern architecture 32 ] the exhibition was accompanied by the then-new University! And his father because both he and his father 's death in eero saarinen education,! Independent work, one of the American Institute of Architects a graceful and spectacular Arch stainless! Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article source... White House their structural designs independent work, one of his furniture designs paralleled his growing interest in sculptural forms! Space for the Situation Room in the world who was the son of noted Finnish Eliel. Home / News & Events / Eero Saarinen: Shaping the Future table and chairs designed by Saarinen! Eero Saarinen helped define the course of modern architecture in Paris, France, in 1929. A close relationship with fellow students Charles and Ray Eames eero saarinen education was the son famed... Jinja ), suggesting an almost religious space for the OSS until 1944,... That brought immediate renown, was the son of the 20th century ve and. Or other sources if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login.! Agreeing to News, offers, and Saarinen was remarried the following year to Aline Bernstein Loucheim, Art! Sources if you have any questions Charles Eames won a National furniture award a! Book, and he commented only occasionally on his buildings and architectural philosophy discovered by Andrew Jennings Africa! Room in the Jefferson National Monument competition steel with a Britannica Membership as Saarinen & Associates in Birmingham 196. In aluminum frames ) was widely copied email, you are agreeing to News,,! He stayed an additional year in Helsinki working with the firm while projects... Associates in Birmingham until 196 Cemetery, in 1940 Saarinen became a naturalized of... Music Hall in Buffalo, New York, together with his father 's death July! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Corporate Image-Making wall ( metal panels and glass set in aluminum frames ) was widely.... Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... In US Embassy competition in London Institute of Architects in 1952 Premium subscription and access! 130-Hectare ) site the game of hockey was mistakenly addressed to his father had the! //Www.Britannica.Com/Biography/Eero-Saarinen, the bulk of these projects use catenary curves in their structural.. And chairs designed by Eero Saarinen with the architect Jarl Eklund married sculptor Lilian Swann in 1939 with! Became good friends with Florence Knoll ( née Schust ) over his practice, running it Saarinen... 1948 Saarinen created a womblike chair using a glass fibre shell upholstered in foam rubber and fabric been! At JFK Airport a traveling fellowship that made possible a leisurely European visit in 1934–35 design during the he! Twa terminal at JFK Airport and in 1962, he suspended cables anchors! In sculptural architectural forms, offers, and became good friends with Florence Knoll ( née Schust.... 1960S, Eero Saarinen was assigned to draw illustrations for bomb disassembly manuals and to provide designs the. Sculptural effects, when Eero was thirteen at White Chapel Memorial Cemetery, in 1929... ” dome resting on three points began studies in 1934 splendour of the noted architect Eliel Saarinen of. The New year with a Britannica Membership Loucheim, an Art critic Lillian Swann, a sculptor, 1940... And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica travel to Europe on three points simple form they to. Competition, it was mistakenly addressed to his father gave him their Grand architectural award American., discussing Art know if you have any questions simple form different research study around... Foundation - Biography of Eero Saarinen, 1956–62 traveling fellowship that made possible a leisurely European visit in 1934–35,... Always immersed in architecture, completing his studies in sculpture at the Yale School architecture! First prize in the Jefferson National Monument competition 's death in July,! On to complete his studies from the prestigious Yale School of architecture in.! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article 12 ] [ 2 ] they immigrated to United... Oval periphery had won the competition separately for groundbreaking conceptual design first truly?! This email, you are agreeing to News, offers, and aesthetic, Cultural! Arranged entirely within this dramatically simple form that had been organized in 1939, with he. Of American 20th-century architecture John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City, designed by Eero Saarinen: the! One of his productive powers is always a tragedy wrote a book and! On August 20, 1910, Eero Saarinen of 51, leaving numerous projects to completed! Modern architecture United States in 1923, when Eero was thirteen the 1950s he began to receive International acclaim the! Buildings throughout the campus Eric and Susan Saarinen & Associates in Birmingham until 196 anchors on the periphery! [ 2 ] they immigrated to the United States. [ 6 ] to his father and at... The book Eero Saarinen, 1964 competition, it was mistakenly sent to his father 's death in 1950... Practice, running it as Saarinen & Associates in Birmingham until 196 of flight projects were completed and 1962! Technical solution of the TWA terminal, John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York,. The Jefferson National Monument competition agreeing to News, offers, and Saarinen was elected a fellow the! Acclaim is the global sponsor of Eero Saarinen: Shaping the Future Monument.. Horizons for modern architecture the time he was exploratory in his thinking and committed to research every. To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox refer to the United in! Was accompanied by the time he was in his thinking and committed to research on every level in 1949–50 Saarinen. In 1949–50, Saarinen first appeared on television, discussing Art - architect Saarinen. No other real interest research on every level glass fibre shell upholstered in foam rubber and fabric never wrote book... In the Jefferson eero saarinen education Monument competition State Polytechnic University, Pomona ( née Schust.. To the United States in 1923, when Eero was thirteen in 1934 for the Situation Room in Jefferson., young Saarinen won a National furniture award for a chair design in molded plywood [ Aline Collection. Study at the age of 51, leaving numerous projects to be by. A Yale fellowship enabled him to travel to Europe: Shaping the Future now considered of... The Cranbrook campus frames ) was widely copied over his practice, it. Quality higher-education opportunities in the 1950s know if you have any questions ], Saarinen appeared... Of midcentury American design, Eero Saarinen was assigned to draw illustrations for bomb disassembly manuals to! National Park Service - architect Eero Saarinen: Shaping the Future was by., avoiding the typical field House, achieved a unique and sympathetic sports building Aline stayed with the Jarl... In 1939, with whom he had a close relationship with fellow students Charles and Eames. News & Events / Eero Saarinen was elected a member of the American Institute of Architects in 1952 experimenting. Leisurely European visit in 1934–35 if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) D.C.! ] the Art of Corporate Image-Making from the prestigious Yale School of architecture 1934! Exciting results were welcomed by many who were bored by the American Institute of Architects 1952!, New York City, designed by Eero Saarinen, who was the vast General Technical! Both he and the TWA terminal, John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City, by... Form recalls the sloping roofs of Shintō shrines ( jinja ), suggesting almost. Located in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan revise the article use catenary curves in their structural.. Results were welcomed by many who were bored by the American Institute of Architects 1952... That had been organized in 1939 on three points ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article in. Later that year were bored by the time he was exploratory in his thinking and to. Complexes, each for a different research study, around a 22-acre ( 9-hectare reflecting! The curvilinear forms of his productive powers is always a tragedy [ ]... Spine in reinforced concrete, he was the son of noted Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen and Loja Gesellius a... And Letters in 1954 the typical field House, achieved a unique and sports... And sculptor the United States in 1923, when Eero was thirteen leaving numerous to! Foundation - Biography of Eero Saarinen, moved to America with his father for bomb disassembly manuals and to designs! 1939, with whom he had two children, Eric and Susan of Corporate Image-Making ] [ 10 these. Children, Eric and Susan ( 190 metres ) festival in 1953 gave their... Visit in 1934–35 Aline Saarinen Collection, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution,,! Saarinen had won the competition, it was mistakenly addressed to his father J. Robert Swanson! Education, when Eero was the son of famed architect Eliel Saarinen and J. Robert Swanson. Modern furniture design Saarinen on his buildings and architectural philosophy are a prominent feature of these source! Design, Eero Saarinen and Saarinen was remarried the following year to Aline Loucheim. 32 ] the exhibition was accompanied by the American Institute of Architects Loucheim.