of land-based transport in the EAC namely, road, railway and pipeline transport. From rickshaw pullers to airlines, all have been affected economically by the pandemic. Traffic congestion leads to many problems for the residents of Lagos. Cheaper Transport: It is a cheaper mode of transport as compared to other modes of transport. Some of these roads are almost becoming gravel surfaces. The dangers caused by heavy trucks and lorries on Nigerian roads will also be brought to a minimal level. This is why it is very important that road transportation in any society be most easily accessible. This is the first problem of road transportation in Nigeria. For example, in major cities such as Lagos, there is constant and daily congestion. Railways provide the cheapest and most convenient mode of passenger transport both for long distance and suburban traffic. Most of the roads that are recently constructed have lost their asphalt surface and all that is left is the gravel beneath. The poor state of the roads makes traveling an extreme sport and sometimes almost impossible especially during raining seasons. Travelling is very difficult and sometimes al… For example, the The government should put policies in place that ensure that roads are checked at intervals and on a regular basis. Road congestion refers to the much load and demands on a road than its capability. Worse vehicles being allowed on the bad roads I can tie the two problems together under bad maintenance. Accidents on Nigerian roads is a transportation problem in Nigeria that needs to be tackled immediately. One can only imagine the economic losses that happen because of the poor state many road networks in Nigeria. There is the western rail line and the eastern rail line. Inter-State transportation in Nigeria: Problems (1) On October 18, 2017 12:57 am In Afe for Vanguard, ... most Nigerians no longer remembered that railway even existed in the country! The history of transport started from the days of Lord Luggard, during his attempt to construct a mule road linking Zaria and Zungeru both in the Northern States of Nigeria, as far back as 1904. Fig. The Nigerian Railway map with some future lines. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Since the attainment of independence in 1960, the problems of Nigerian transport system include bad roads; inadequate fleets of buses or trucks; irregular, inadequate and overcrowded trains and airplanes and congested ports. Problems of Transportation in Nigeria & Solutions, Bank Interest Rates in Nigeria: Past & Present, Disadvantages of Treasury Single Account (TSA) in Nigeria. Decaying infrastructure is one of the deficiencies that Nigeria's National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy seeks to address. with the histor y, the paper discusses th e main problems of Nigeria’s railway transport s ystem; and then makes policy sugg estions, after considering the potentials of rebuilding the rail . Railways have played a significant role in development and growth of industries. What you will then find is uneven surfaces, potholes, and eroded areas. The Journal of Developing Areas (JDA) aims to stimulate in-depth and rigorous empirical and theoretical research on all issues pertaining to the process of economic development. Rift Valley Railway, Kenya Railway Corp; Tanzania: Ministry of Transport, RAHCO, Tanzania Railways Limited; Senegal: Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Finance / Direction of Economic and Financial Cooperation, Grande Côte Operations SA (GCO), Petit train de Banlieue (PTB), ANCF, This formed the major form of transport in Nigeria in those days. This article highlights the problems of transportation in Nigeria and solutions to these problems. Commuters spend at least three hours in traffic each day. Most of the paved roads networks have lost their asphalt surface and are in very bad shape. 3Information on post-World War I1 development is for the most part taken from Anthony M. O'Connor, "Recent Railway Construction in Tropical Africa," in Transport and Development, ed. In Nigeria, however, the railway for many decades, suffered severe neglect which observers attributed to poor funding by successive governments at the centre and massive corruption. ... Map showing Railway Routes across Nigeria Source: Okeyode & Yakubu (2015) ... in order to reflect the recent developments in the Nigerian rail transport sector. In Nigeria, road transportation is not just one of the modes of transports, it is practically the only means of transportation especially inter-state (apart from air transportation which many cannot afford). Reliable cable protection, as mentioned above, serves to reduce the risk of any damage to cables, and the consequent damages associated. The Nigerian transport systems, right from inception, were poorly designed and are unable to scale up to meet greater demand, a design flaw which causes traffic congestion on roads, overstressed railways, faltering airfields, and mass-transport blind spots. Accidents are caused by many factors such as those mentioned above. Brian S. Hoyle (London: Macmillan, 1973), pp. Roads play a critical role in passenger transport and goods freight in the region. 1. This makes it even more expensive and difficult to repair. In 1978, the Obasanjo government through the Nigeria Ministry of Transport engaged the services of an Indian group: Rail India Technical and Economic Services to operate the railways. The railways in Nigeria links different states and parts of the country together. The solution to this is that the government needs to prioritize the rehabilitation of road networks. The solution to this problem is that the government needs to prioritize investments in other forms of transportation such as the rail transportation system. People use road transportation both locally and across states. The freight segment has had a mixed short-term effect in terms of transportation demand. It all comes down to bad maintenance system. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. Problems of Nigeria’s Urban - Transport Development 6. Financing 7. After the construction companies have been awarded the contract, they set to recover the money lost and then do not the job well by using cheaper and substandard materials. This is majorly is a result of corruption from both the people awarding the road contracts and the construction companies. 3. Such measures include re-orientation of road users, heavy penalties for defaulters, etc. Many Nigerian roads are in bad shape because there is an excess number of cars plying the road. Issues and Problems 5. India's overall energy demand fell by 11% in March 20201. Noise is one of the key concerns for people living near transport infrastructure. This results in overpopulation in major cities, and places excess demand on the roads. One of the major problems of road transport in Nigeria today is the state of most of the road networks. Transportation connects people and places and is what facilitates trade which in turn boosts economic development. Due to lockdown in many countries, the demand for passenger transport has been adversely hit. Published By: College of Business, Tennessee State University, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. The two major results and implications of this pattern of predominant use of road transportation over all the other modes of transportation in Nigeria are environmental problems of road transportation and high occurrence road traffic accidents which 5 Another issue is the use of low-quality materials in repairs, which makes the road get worse even after repair. It will lead to less damage to the road because there would be less congestion. Sustainable Transportation 8. Even when it is obvious that these roads need repair, it is usually delayed before attended to. Others include bad roads, road congestion, reckless driving, impatience, disobedience of traffic rules, etc. Another problem of transportation in Nigeria is the high rate of road fatalities. It was after the emergence of bicycles that railways were created by the colonial masters as a major means or form of transportation in Nigeria. 5. This calls for the College of Business to prepare qualified students from a broad spectrum of society, to offer an appropriate array of sound baccalaureate and graduate degree programs, and to develop as one of the engines of economic development for its urban region containing local, national, and international businesses. Why not? Nigeria has unveiled a major railway expansion project to ease congestion on roads and to boost the economy, writes Ijeoma Ndukwe from the commercial capital, Lagos. Even when roads are recently constructed, they are done with low-quality materials so the roads do not last long. References Introduction In the next decade or so the population in the cities of Nigeria will double creating more than 11 cities Today, the railway is still functional and it has been improved more than what obtains in times past. The Journal of Developing Areas If the rail transport system is functioning in Nigeria, it will put fewer demands on the road system as many will use that option in traveling. Railway transport is economical, quicker and best suited for carrying heavy and bulky goods over long distances. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Bad roads 2. However, the state of road transportation in the country is saddening. Some of the recently constructed road infrastructures are poorly built with low-quality materials. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. How to Calculate Treasury Bills in Nigeria, E-Money: Net worth, Biography, Investments and More. This is due both to maladministration by successive governments and to the lack of a functional transport policy ensuring a … Railways in Nigeria are operated by the Nigerian Railway Corporation.Nigeria's rail system consists of 3,505 km of 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge lines and 507 km of standard gauge lines. Roads account for 98% of total transport infrastructure compared with rail [8]. Bisiriyu (2016) noted that the Indian experts met only 20 functional locomotive engines in the system. The problem of poorly built roads can be attributed to corruption because road contracts are awarded based on who can bribe his way through. Transportation sector has been one of the primary victims of COVID-19. The Federal Roads Safety Commission needs to tackle this problem head-on by putting systems in place to ensure the citizens obey traffic rules and drive responsibly. Transportation not only enhances the economy but also culture and social interactions as people travel for the purpose of tourism and entertainment. Many are moving to cities from villages because of the opportunities that abound there. The Nigerian railway transport system used to boom but has now been abandoned. Also, heavy loads will be carried via the rail system which will reduce the pressure on the road system. Transportation is an important aspect of growth and economic development in any country. The challenges of transportation in Lagos which includes inadequate infrastructure and alack of maintenance of transportation systems shows that the transport … We have railways from Lagos to Kano and from Kano to Enugu. Transportation is a requirement for every nation, regardless of its industrial capacity, population size or technological development. During raining seasons, some of the roads are covered by water which further destroys the asphalt surface of the road. It also intends to encourage research on social, urban/regional and inner city problems of the United States and other developed countries. All Rights Reserved. The lack of proper maintenance or maintenance at all has contributed to the poor state of road transport in Nigeria today. option. Presently, the railway and its trains are still functional in Nigeria and the corporation that sees or manages the railway transport system in Nigeria is the Nige… Roads need to be properly maintained with good quality materials or less they start to wear out and even get worse than they were before. Almost five decades after independence, the Nigerian railway system remains static in structure and is highly unresponsive to the emerging socio-economic and political challenges. Nigeria is roughly 1/4 surrounded by water, we need to develop our water transport system. ADVERTISEMENTS: Indian Railway: Significance and Problems of Indian Railways! Unfortunately for the railway, there has'been a continuous decline in its performance over the years with attendant operating deficits in its accounts. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. The solution to this is that road repairs should be done on time. Accidents are caused by many factors such as those mentioned above. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. 139-50. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Most of the working expenses of railways are in the nature of fixed costs. The evolution of the modern Transport System in Nigeria began during the colonial period. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions The road was characterized by a skeletal stretch of windy and narrow lanes which were chiefly used for … Nigeria is reported to have the largest highway and road network in Africa. 10 Problems of Research in Nigeria and Possible Solutions Researching a study, a theorem or generally researching in other to accrue more facts sure has its numerous purposes and usefulness to you as a Nigerian but here are 10 Problems of Research in Nigeria and their Possible Solutions. Problems. Right now, the major means of transportation in Nigeria that somehow works is road transport. Because Nigeria's railways are in a perilous condition, the government is trying to rectify the situation by privatizing the Nigerian Railway Corporation. The state of most road networks in Nigeria is simply saddening. The fast growing demand for transport in Europe leads to disturbance In Nigeria, the form of transportation is road transport, railway, air, and sea. The demand for and management of urban-transport 4. 9 Capacity of urban transport modes per meterof infrastructure width [1,10] 2.5 Noise emission . In the 1980s, Nigerian Railway Corporation witnessed reductions in its service provisions, these were influenced by technical and financial shortcomings. Similarly, the government is … The government also needs to ensure that those awarded the contract do a good job by monitoring it closely. Today, the railway covers up to 3,984 kilometers of tracks and it is operated by the Nigerian Railway Corporation. Request Permissions. Proper drainage facilities should be made available along with road networks so that water would no longer settle on the roads and wash away the asphalt surface. We need more means of transportation. Roads should also be repaired with the right materials only. Many regions are becoming dead because of the non-motorable road network. The first road to be constructed for transport in Nigeria is the road linking Ibadan and Oyo which was made in the year 1906. Road congestion can be traced to the root problem of urbanization and overpopulation, especially in cities. Erosion which is caused by lack of proper drainage facilities such as gutters is another major thing that has destroyed the state of Nigerian roads. You should know that most of the major road networks in Nigeria were constructed in the 80s and early 90s and have rarely seen any form of repair since then, this is why they are old and worn out. 40 per cent of cars in Nigeria are registered in Lagos. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Others include bad roads, road congestion, reckless driving, impatience, disobedience of traffic rules, etc. For example, when commuting from their homes to their places of work or study, or to transport their goods within a state or interstate. Another problem of transportation in Nigeria is the high rate of road fatalities. The problems of transportation can be stated as 1. For over three decades, the Nigerian Railway transport system was neglected in terms of investment and budget allocation to the sector. Select the purchase Maintenance & reliability: as more and more passengers use railways, and 24/7 services become increasingly popular, delays and malfunctions on these networks may also increase. Fifty-five years after independence, Nigeria still struggles to operate part of the 3,505km of railway inherited from the British colonial masters amid failed numerous contracts. Growth of textile industry in Mumbai, jute industry in areas surrounding Kolkata, coal […] Much damage is caused because of heavy use on the roads. a close second, and Nigeria the third in mileage. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. For instance, Nigeria covers a distance of 923,768 km but there are still only 3,505 km of railways, of which 1,788 km are sharp curves. Lagos is one of the most congested cities in the world. Railway transport in Nigeria is inefficient and has hardly developed at all over the past 100 years compared to railways in the developed world. The mission of the College of Business is guided by an appreciation of the institutional history of Tennessee State University and the obligations of a state university located in the heart of a vibrant metropolitan area with a diversified business community. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The government has begun to repair the country's poorly maintained road network. Future steps, Summary and conclusion 9. Tax Administration in Nigeria: All you need to know. This particular road was later extended from Zaria to Sokoto then Katsina and Maiduguri. Thus, a good transport system is essential to support economic growth and development. There would be fewer accidents caused by heavy trucks and lorries. Of course, the most used of all the modes of transportation is road transport. Raining seasons has begun to repair Nigeria began during the colonial period each day with a personal account, can... Repaired with the right materials only road to be constructed for transport in today. At all has contributed to the root problem of transportation in Nigeria somehow!, they are done with low-quality materials so the roads do not last long,. 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