Against Gurgenidze at the 1957 championship in Moscow,[51] he unleashed the double sacrifice 14...Nxf2!! By pinning the knight, White aims to transpose into favourable lines of the Averbakh Variation of the King's Indian Defence, which may occur after 7...0-0 8.Nd2!. However, in return, Black gains the opportunity for tremendously dynamic counterplay. The top practitioners of the Benoni include Mikhail Tal, Bobby Fischer, Vugar Gashimov, Veselin Topalov, Dragoljub Velimirovic, and Lev Psakhis. He also became the first player to use the Modern Benoni in a world championship match, playing it twice against Mikhail Botvinnik in 1960. [10][34] Thus the opening has acquired a reputation for being risky:[39] as Psakhis once wrote, the Modern Benoni "is definitely not an opening for cowards. [74][75], At the 1973 Madrid international tournament Ljubojević demonstrated what is now considered to be Black's most reliable path to equality. These two features differentiate Black's setup from the other Benoni defences and the King's Indian Defence, although transpositions between these openings are common. The Modern Benoni, Norwood (Cadogan 1994) A more lightweight, but nevertheless enjoyable book from the young English Grandmaster. [50], The half-open e-file gives Black a certain degree of influence over the kingside. [94], By far the most popular continuation for White is 8.Bb5+, the Taimanov Attack. [24] Later it was realized that Black can prevent the bishop check with 9...a6! The Benoni defense is a closed chess opening and belongs to the family of indian openings and is sometimes called Benoni-Indian Defense. was considered the highlight of the tournament and remains one of the most famous games ever played in the opening. From childhood, most of us also have a love for chess. For instance, the position in the diagram can be reached from the King's Indian via 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.g3 Bg7 4.Bg2 c5 5.d5 d6 6.Nc3 0-0 7.Nf3 e6 8.0-0 exd5 9.cxd5,[8] or from the Catalan via 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 c5 4.d5 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.Nc3 g6 7.Bg2 Bg7 8.Nf3 0-0 9.0-0. Qe7 24.Bd4 Black's queenside play had ground to a halt; Pintér later won with a pawn advance on the kingside. If White accepts the gambit with 2. dxc5, Black gets an easy game with 2... e6 followed by 3... Bc5. Game 44 Vladimirov vs Tal, 1988 (A56) Benoni Defense, 32 moves, 0-1. ... Modern Chess Openings, … [12][19] The young Garry Kasparov also had the defence in his arsenal—his win against Viktor Korchnoi at the 1982 Lucerne Olympiad[21] For years I have struggled with a question –what to play against 1.d4? Usually I alternated between trying to make the King’s Indian work and trying to find something more solid. 9...a6 10.a4 Nbd7 11.Nd2 Re8 12.h3 Rb8 13.Nc4. Because of. Take an annotated game – e.g. [128] The idea of an early Bf4 is also effective in other variations such as 9...Re8 10.Bf4. Bd4+ 17.Kg2 Qxh3+ 18.Kf3 Bg4+ 19.Kf4 g5+ 20.Kxg5 Be3+ 21.Kf6 Qh6 mate) Bd4 17.Nd1 Qxh3! [54], En route to winning his first USSR championship,[55] Tal provided a brilliant example of how Black's dark-square control could lead to a kingside attack. [13] The tactical positions it led to were a perfect fit for Tal's combinatorial gifts and he crushed many opponents in brilliant style. The pawn structure is very rigid and often persists in the same form into the endgame. But the player primarily responsible for elevating the Modern Benoni to the status of a major opening was Mikhail Tal, who took up the opening in 1953 after seeing one of Nezhmetdinov's games. 4.7 out of 5 stars 4. This position arises particularly frequently through the transposition 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 c5 4.d5 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.Nc3 g6. Nevertheless, it somehow ended up that I played the Benoni the most. Here Black can challenge White's knight with either 13...Ne5 or 13...Nb6. Our expectations, dreams, fears, positive and negative character traits, love and attachment to things that have become importantfor us. I have read in forums on other chess sites that Benoni books tend to be quite depressing for Black. 8.e4 Nxe4?? To support their advance, the king's bishop is usually fianchettoed on g7. Then there was the combinational explosion with 21...Nxd5. This includes both tournament games and blitz games. loses the knight to 9.Qa4+) 8.a4 Qe7, which stops White from playing e2-e4. In the resulting positions Black has found it difficult to generate any winning chances, and even finding equality has not been a simple task. [41] However, the actual game did not last long after Donner's 21.Qf1: Tal set his pawns in motion with 21...c4 22.Re2 b5 23.axb5 axb5 24.Kh1, created a passed c-pawn with 24...Bxc3! "[102], Not until the 21st century did players and analysts begin to revive Black's chances in this line. The Modern Benoni, 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6, is the most common form of Benoni apart from the Benko Gambit. Former World Champion and opening authority Max Euwe acknowledged Tal's contribution to the opening by naming it the "Tal-System" in his 1965 opening encyclopedia.[16]. Black's position remains solid but offers fewer active possibilities than after 10...Nbd7. which prepares ...Nbd7 while keeping the pawn on d6 defended. A56 - Benoni defence: 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 c5 . In the 1950s the system was revitalized by players in the Soviet Union, chief among them Mikhail Tal. Further space-gaining pawn advances such as ...g5-g4 and ...f7-f5 may even be possible. 9.Nd2! [56][57], When Black prepares the ...b7-b5 pawn break with ...a6, White usually tries to hinder it by playing a2-a4, even though this advance weakens the b4-square. Paperback Chess Developments: The Modern Benoni. Chess is a rich game, and even at the top level playing a position that suits one’s style is more important than abstract theoretical correctness. : the only way White can forestall ...g5 and ...Nh5 is with 10.Nd2, but this allows Black to expand on the queenside with 10...b5 and reach a satisfactory position. Most of the older versions of the Benoni, such as 1.d4 c5 2.d5 f5?! However, this simplistic generalization does not hold in many cases—depending on how the pieces are arranged, either side may be able to fight back on the flank where they are theoretically weaker. 11.Bxe4 Re8 Black seemingly regains the sacrificed piece without trouble. Bill Brock. Here theory divides into three major branches:[64][65]. How do you learn an opening? It is trite – but true – to say that you should not focus so much on memorizing individual moves, but rather learning ideas and learning to solve the problems that develop from the opening. [93] After 7...Bg7 White can transpose to the main line of the Four Pawns Attack in the King's Indian Defence with 8.Nf3 0-0 9.Be2. It can be solidly defended by playing f2-f3, but this leaves the e5 square as an excellent pivot point for the black pieces. According to the manuscript, the author suffered from depression and studied the opening beginning with the moves 1.d4 c5 2.d5 (the original Benoni) as a refuge from his sadness. Home All Courses Openings Endgames Strategy Tactics Blog Help Courses . There is some justification to this – Black takes on some positional problems right from the beginning. Openings Endgames Strategy Tactics. Benoni Defence . The term “Benoni” encompasses many openings which all contain a pawn structure with a white pawn on d5 and a black pawn on c5. Modern Benoni devotees are forced to play on the edge, and will often have to live with positional weaknesses and/or sacrifice material to avoid being driven into passivity. Only in the 21st century has the opening's reputation and theoretical standing made a recovery. Norwood used the Benoni to score some excellent results in his chess youth (see his classic game versus Saeed in the Fianchetto Variation). Jonathan Schrantz presents the first of three Modern Benoni lectures. After losing such a game you might conclude that 13...Qc7 is the culprit, or even that the whole Benoni is incorrect. [4], Another frequent transposition into the Modern Benoni occurs when White invites a Catalan Opening with 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 and Black responds with 3...c5. I rarely considered the Benoni to be my main defense to 1.d4. [40][25], The game Donner–Tal, Zurich 1959,[38] was a classic demonstration of the power of Black's queenside pawn advance, backed up by the bishop on g7. I really liked this varied, adventurous game. 4.3 out of 5 stars 10. It is classified under the ECO codes A60–A79. The Modern Benoni is one of the most controversial but also dynamic answers to 1.d4. Tactics involving ...Nxe4 are not uncommon—the games Averbakh–Tal, USSR championship, Riga 1958,[15][14] and Uhlmann–Fischer, Interzonal, Palma de Mallorca 1970,[52][53] are well-known examples. The dynamic Modern Benoni Defense has undergone something of a revival over the past five or six years. Thus Black generally plays 4...exd5 immediately. This database features a powerful weapon against the Modern Benoni - the Taimanov Attack. [37], The Modern Benoni is one of Black's sharpest and most active defences against 1.d4. It offers Black a fighting game right from the opening, and is ideal for counterattacking players who like to strive for the initiative right from the opening moves … threatening 10.f3 both give White the advantage. By staking out an advantage in space on the kingside, it allows White to develop an initiative on that side of the board. Blitz games can be very useful for developing the feel for an opening. [78][76] The desire to prevent ...Bg4 led to the development of the Modern Main Line, 7.Nf3 Bg7 8.h3 0-0 9.Bd3. In the main line variations Black allows White to have a preponderance of central pawns which, traditionally, grants the first player the advantage. [77][70][64], By the late 1980s Ljubojević's plan of exchanging the light-squared bishop had been proven so reliable it was deterring White from entering the Classical Main Line altogether. The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6. There was a spark in our eyes to fight again This opening remained the favorite of famous attacking players as Tal, Kasparov, Gashimov and Topalov. Although a number of opening books recommended the 7.Bf4 variation for White in the early 21st century,[136][137] Black appears to be able to maintain the balance in this line. Although this move gains space in the centre, it also gives Black a target of attack on the half-open e-file. Being able to effectively cope with this very popular defense is crucial for the success of a 1.d4 player. After 7.Nf3, the immediate 7...Bg4? Apparently I never played it when I was growing up. The Benoni was just developing in the 70s and it was employed by several top players including Tal and Fischer. If White answers with 2. d5 the main lines of the Old Benoni Defence are reached. Search the chess games database, download games, view frequent practitioners and browse the Opening Explorer [68][69] Here Black has a choice between three main plans. [14][15] [145][146], The basic pawn structure of the Modern Benoni: White has a central pawn majority, Black a queenside pawn majority, Position after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.Nc3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.e4 g6, Classical Main Line: 7.Nf3 Bg7 8.Be2 0-0 9.0-0, Modern Main Line: 7.Nf3 Bg7 8.h3 0-0 9.Bd3, Knaak Variation: 7.Bd3 Bg7 8.Nge2 0-0 9.0-0, Position after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.Nc3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.Nf3 g6, Fianchetto Variation: 7.g3 Bg7 8.Bg2 0-0 9.0-0, Alternative move orders and transpositions, 7.Nf3 Bg7 8.Be2 0-0 9.0-0: Classical Main Line, 7.Nf3 Bg7 8.h3 0-0 9.Bd3: Modern Main Line, 7.Nf3 a6: Black avoids the Modern Main Line, "Razuvaev–Psakhis, USSR ch, Vilnius 1980", "Uhlmann–Fischer, Palma de Mallorca IZ 1970", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Modern_Benoni&oldid=995564938, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [23], But in the early 1980s, White scored several crushing victories at high-profile tournaments using the aggressive Taimanov Attack, which caused players to question the fundamental soundness of Black's opening. [107][109], In 1996 Albert Kapengut published a dense analysis[110] of the move 7.f3, which now bears his name. At this point 7.Nf3 has historically been White's most popular move, intending to complete kingside development and castle. White was unable to exchange queens, as 21.Qxb4 cxb4 22.Nd1 Nc5 would fork the pawns on a4 and e4. Even though this would give Black the opportunity to establish a passed c-pawn with ...c5-c4, blockading the queenside in this manner may allow White to pursue play in the centre and on the kingside undisturbed. The pawn move prevents White from driving away the knight with f2-f4, and sets up the possibility of Black bringing a knight on f4 via g6 or h5. 20.Ndc4 fxe4 21.Bxe4 Ba6! [101] Other players such as Psakhis resorted to using the move order 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6, only playing 3...c5 in response to 3.Nf3 to avoid the Taimanov, while choosing an entirely different opening against 3.Nc3. [89] So Black first plays 7...a6 threatening 8...b5. Black willingly creates an early imbalance which allows both sides to fight for the initiative in positions which are rich in tactical and strategic possibilities. After 7...Bg7 8.Qa4+! Then compare them to the move actually played, play White’s response, and repeat. At this point White can still transpose to the Classical or Modern Main Lines after 7.e4. It offers Black a fighting game right from the opening and is ideal for counter-attacking players who like to strive for the initiative right from the opening moves, such … Here it is possible for White to avoid 3.d5: respectable alternatives include 3.Nf3, typically transposing to a line of the English Opening, as well as 3.e3. [60], Even if Black should succeed in enforcing the ...b7-b5 break, White may halt the b-pawn's further advance by simply playing b2-b4. The Benoni is a sharp 1. d4 opening. As mentioned above, were Black to delay the capture on d5, White would then gain the option of recapturing with the e-pawn. When you get to the end of the game you can compare your thoughts to the annotations. Anot… To avoid this, White may play 3. 7.h3, which is yet another way for White to reach the Modern Main Line after 7...Bg7 8.Nf3 0-0 9.Bd3; and 7.Nge2, which was recommended for White in 2012 by. "[23] Since White's central superiority typically constitutes a positional advantage, Black must frequently resort to tactical play and material sacrifices in order not to be forced into passivity. It contained several phases, each separated by explosive combinations. In 1982, Nunn concluded his analysis of the Taimanov with the words, "Black badly needs a new idea against 8.Bb5+ and 9.a4 to keep the Benoni in business";[100] two years later, he had given up the opening altogether. Black threatens to exchange the c pawn against a central pawn. A successful demonstration of this last idea occurred in the game Pintér–Brynell at the 1998 Elista Olympiad. [5], Black can also try to reach the Modern Benoni through a Benoni Defence move order, i.e. The imbalance inherent in its pawn structure and the counter-chances this implied for Black appealed to aggressive players such as Rashid Nezhmetdinov and Alexander Tolush;[11] the Israeli master Moshe Czerniak also employed it frequently. With this defense, you must get ready for a sharp battle, and may even claim for the initiative since the early stages of the game. 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