His sufferings and death; pointed at in Satan's bruising his heel, that is, his human nature. This is not like one so good and kind. 12. He drew all his posterity into sin and ruin. If the fall of man were to have occurred in our times, one can hardly conceive of the consequences. It gives the only true account of the origin of all the physical and moral evils that are in the world; upholds the moral character of God; shows that man, made upright, fell from not being able to resist a slight temptation; and becoming guilty and miserable, plunged all his posterity into the same abyss ( Romans 5:12 ). And the Lord God said unto the serpent--The Judge pronounces a doom: first, on the material serpent, which is cursed above all creatures. Hamilton’s substantive introduction—which serves both this volume and the one covering chapters 18–50—discusses the structure of Genesis, its composition, its theology, the problems involved in its interpretation, its canonicity, and the Hebrew text itself. yea, hath God said?--Is it true that He has restricted you in using the fruits of this delightful place? What a mournful chapter this is in the history of man! it shall bruise thy head--The serpent's poison is lodged in its head; and a bruise on that part is fatal. It was her own act and deed. Though he is the tempter, we are the sinners. This sin of the first pair was heinous and aggravated--it was not simply eating an apple, but a love of self, dishonor to God, ingratitude to a benefactor, disobedience to the best of Masters--a preference of the creature to the Creator. 15. thy seed--not only evil spirits, but wicked men. He shall rule over thee, is but God's command, Wives, be subject to your own husbands. Adam and Eve made for themselves aprons of fig-leaves, a covering too narrow for them to wrap themselves in, Isaiah 28:20. It was evidently from her regarding him as specially sent on that errand, that, instead of being startled by the reptile's speaking, she received him as a heavenly messenger. Satan ruined himself by desiring to be like the Most High, therefore he sought to infect our first parents with the same desire, that he might ruin them too. From being the help meet of man and the partner of his affections [ Genesis 2:18 Genesis 2:23 ], her condition would henceforth be that of humble subjection. 20. He insinuated a doubt as to her sense of the divine will and appeared as an angel of light ( 2 Corinthians 11:14 ), offering to lead her to the true interpretation. He quoted the command wrong. 1. of 2. the woman said, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden--In her answer, Eve extolled the large extent of liberty they enjoyed in ranging at will amongst all the trees--one only excepted, with respect to which, she declared there was no doubt, either of the prohibition or the penalty. Sin brought sorrow into the world; that made the world a vale of tears. Genesis 3:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Genesis 3:7, NIV: "Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves." And how admirably the satisfaction of our Lord Jesus, by his death and sufferings, answered the sentence passed on our first parents! It is the fruit of this enmity, that there is a continual warfare between grace and corruption, in the hearts of God's people. She took. Satan questioned whether it were a sin or not, to eat of this tree. דוַיֹּ֥אמֶר הַנָּחָ֖שׁ אֶל־הָֽאִשָּׁ֑ה לֹא־מ֖וֹת תְּמֻתֽוּן: You … Let us not look on that which we are in danger of lusting after, Matthew 5:28. Satan took advantage by finding her near the forbidden tree. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. The person tempted was the woman: it was Satan's policy to enter into talk with her when she was alone. seed of the woman--the Messiah, or His Church [CALVIN, HENGSTENBERG]. Those who would be safe, need to be shy of talking with the tempter. God revealed this to Adam, not to drive him to despair, but to quicken him to look for life and happiness in the promised Seed, by whom a new and living way into the holiest is laid open for us. It is by the deceitfulness of sin the heart is hardened. naked--apparently, a confession--the language of sorrow; but it was evasive--no signs of true humility and penitence--each tries to throw the blame on another. See Romans 7:11; Hebrews 3:13. Victor P. Hamilton, New International Commentary on the Old Testament (NICOT), Eerdmans, 1990–1995, 1,273 pp. God passes sentence; and he begins where the sin began, with the serpent. 8. they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden--The divine Being appeared in the same manner as formerly--uttering the well-known tones of kindness, walking in some visible form (not running hastily, as one impelled by the influence of angry feelings). Here was the drawn of the gospel day: no sooner was the wound given, than the remedy was provided and revealed. His employments and enjoyments are imbittered to him. Westermann, Claus. And God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us--not spoken in irony as is generally supposed, but in deep compassion. Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. He is not sentenced to eat dust as the serpent, only to eat the herb of the field.3. … 22. 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